How Do You Prevent Periodontal Disease from Getting Worse?

Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing is not normal and it’s one of the first signs that gums are infected with bacteria. If the infection gets worse then it can spread and destroy the support of the teeth in the jawbone. Teeth can become loose and have to be extracted.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

For years, researchers have been trying to figure out the causes of periodontal disease. It is now accepted that various bacteria in dental plaque is the cause. Researchers are also learning more about how a gum infection can affect other aspects of health. There have been connections with gum disease and other health problems. Researchers are studying connections between gum disease, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and respiratory disease.

Bacteria in dental plaque cause periodontal disease. Plaque is the substance that forms on your teeth a while after you brush. It’s the body’s response to the bacterial infection that can cause the problems. In an effort to eliminate the bacteria, the cells in the immune system release substances that can cause the destruction and inflammation of gums. If you aren’t paying attention to oral health, then plaque can build up and eventually spread below the gum line. Bacteria will continue to multiply and cause a more serious infection. Buildup of plaque below the gum line can lead to inflammation of the gums.

Risks and Prevention of Periodontal Disease

Although plaque buildup is the main cause, there are also other factors that can contribute to periodontal disease. These factors can increase the risk or make an infection worse. Genetics can play a role and there are some people who have a genetic predisposition to periodontal disease. However, for those who have a genetic predisposition, it doesn’t just mean that gum disease is inevitable. With the right care, it’s preventable. Tobacco use and smoking can also increase the risk for developing periodontal disease. The longer one smokes, the higher the risk. If disease is present, the smoking makes it more severe. Smoking is one of the main reasons why periodontal disease can be resistant to treatment. Smokers will have more tartar on teeth and develop deeper gum pockets, and they are more likely to lose more bone as the disease progresses. Anything that makes it more difficult to properly brush and floss teeth, such as crowded or misaligned teeth, can increase the chances of developing gum disease. Dentists should show you the best ways to clean teeth, especially any hard to reach areas.

Can Advanced Periodontal Disease Be Reversed?

The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. At this stage, the disease is reversible and can be eliminated by a professional cleaning, along with proper at-home dental care. When it advances, it can cause the loss of tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. Once it’s so advanced that teeth may need to be removed, there is no reversing it. It will usually get worse slowlyCan Advanced Periodontal Disease Be Reversed?, so regular dental visits can help from getting to the point where the disease is irreversible. However, there can be periods of rapid progression with the disease. Aggressive periodontitis can be a highly destructive form of the disease that will occur in patients who are other wise healthy. Common features of this include rapid loss of bone and tissue.

Although plaque buildup is the main cause, there are also other factors that can contribute to periodontal disease.

How Do You Make Your Gums Healthy Again?

You need to floss at lest once a day in order to keep gums healthy. This can help to remove plaque and food that your toothbrush can’t reach. It doesn’t matter when you floss as much as that you are doing it. Be sure to get regular dental cleanings and check ups with your dentist. The earlier any gum disease is caught, the easier it is to treat and improve the gums. A professional cleaning is the only way to remove tartar and it can get rid of plaque that may have been missed by flossing or brushing. Smokers should quit smoking. Smoking can be associated with the onset of gum disease. It also lowers the immune system to make it hard to fight off any infection. Smoking will make it harder for gums to heal after infection. Brush your teeth after every meal and at least twice a day. A toothbrush should have soft bristles and fit comfortably in your mouth. An electric toothbrush with a timer can make it easier to keep track of how long you are brushing. The best toothpaste is one that has fluoride and has the ADA seal of approval. You can choose the flavor. Therapeutic mouthwashes can reduce plaque and help prevent gingivitis. A rinse can help remove debris from the mouth, but it’s not a substitute for proper brushing and flossing.

Posted In: Oral & Dental Health Tips